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Seabird study a first for Scotland

Updated: Jun 28, 2022

The Berwick Bank Offshore Wind Farm project, Seagreen Offshore Wind Farm (Seagreen) and Neart na Gaoithe (NnG) Offshore Wind Farm, are joining forces with STRIX, world leaders in innovation and sustainability, to carry out the first seabird interaction study of its kind in Scotland on a commercial sized wind farm at the NnG site.

The study has been devised in collaboration with RSPB, NatureScot, Joint Nature Conservation Committee and Marine Scotland Science.

STRIX will carry out an extensive two-year operational study with cameras and radars installed on nine of NnG’s 54 wind turbines.

The system provided by STRIX will focus on gannets and kittiwakes, the species of seabirds identified as being most at risk of collision and displacement from offshore windfarms located in the Forth and Tay.

The study will monitor flight activity and provide further insight into how these seabirds behave around offshore wind turbines. It will also improve understanding of the behaviours of other species such as lesser black-backed gulls and great black-backed gulls.

The study is of significant importance to Scotland as results taken from the work will be used to inform the future consenting of offshore wind farms in the North Sea.

NnG, jointly owned by EDF Renewables and ESB, will supply enough low carbon electricity for around 375,000* homes and has a capacity of c. 450 megawatts (MW) of low carbon energy and will offset over 400,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions each year.

Matthias Haag, NnG Project Director, said: “As the developer of a major offshore development in Scotland, we are committed to doing everything we can to minimise and to monitor the impact our project may have on local wildlife and the seabirds who inhabit areas in close proximity to NnG.

“This world leading study, working with RSPB, NatureScot, Joint Nature Conservation Committee and Marine Scotland Science will be the first of its kind to ever be carried out in Scotland and I’m really pleased to be collaborating with SSE Renewables, TotalEnergies and STRIX, delivering a project that will play an important role in the future of offshore wind in Scotland.”

Seagreen, a joint venture between TotalEnergies and SSE Renewables, is currently being constructed around 27 kilometres off Scotland's Angus coast. At 1.1 gigawatts, Seagreen will be capable of generating enough renewable energy to power around 1.6m UK homes and save around 2m tonnes of CO2 emissions annually. When complete in 2023 it will be Scotland's largest and the world's deepest fixed bottom offshore wind farm.

John Hill, Seagreen Project Director said: “We are delighted to get the opportunity to be involved in a study of this size and importance. Collaboration with key stakeholders and other developers is critical to delivering offshore wind sustainably and in the most appropriate locations.”

Berwick Bank Wind Farm, which is being developed approximately 43km off the coast of East Lothian in the Outer Firth of Forth by SSE Renewables, could generate up to 4.1GW and commence generating clean electricity by 2026 if consented.

Alex Meredith, Project Director for Berwick Bank Wind Farm said: “We understand that through developing offshore wind we have an important part to play in addressing the nature emergency as well as the climate emergency. We are therefore very pleased to be involved with this landmark study.

“We are seeking to gain unprecedented insights into seabird activity across the Firths of Tay and Forth and to use the findings to inform our future projects both in Scotland and further afield. We recently completed the largest known digital aerial bird survey for a single project in the world and this additional work will compliment these studies greatly”

Miguel Repas, Chief Executive Officer at STRIX said: “We are committed to support wind energy development while preserving wildlife in the Firths of Tay and Forth.

This study combines key technologies, such as radar, with innovative data analysis to deliver critical understanding of seabird behaviour near turbines”

Dr. Aly McCluskie, Senior Conservation Scientist at the RSPB said: “Offshore wind is crucial to help tackle climate change and meet net zero carbon obligations. It must though be developed in harmony with nature and in parallel with work to protect and restore marine wildlife.

“Fundamental to this is reducing the uncertainty surrounding the assessment of impacts on seabirds. This study will improve our understanding of interactions of birds with turbines in a three-dimensional space and will be of great value to the sensitive development of wind farms in the future.

“The RSPB is proud to be a part of the study and welcomes the collaborative approach of the developers, working alongside stakeholders, to achieve our common strategic aims.”

Erica Knott, NatureScot’s Marine Sustainability Manager, said: “The study will help us understand how our internationally recognised seabird populations interact with operating windfarms.

“This in turn will help inform the location and design of future developments supporting the delivery of seabird conservation measures, whilst meeting ambitious and necessary climate change targets.

“We welcome the collaborative nature of this project and look forward to continuing to work with the developers and STRIX as the work gets under way.”


About Neart na Gaoithe (NnG)

Neart na Gaoithe means ‘strength of the wind’. NnG is a key UK offshore wind farm project and, with up to £1.8billion invested in its infrastructure, will have a major positive impact on the Scottish economy. NnG is located off the east coast of Scotland, 15.5 km off the Fife coast and covers an area of approximately 105 km2. EDF Renewables acquired NnG in 2018 and in 2019 sold a 50% stake to leading Irish Energy Company, ESB.

About EDF Renewables in the United Kingdom

EDF Renewables UK and Ireland ( is a subsidiary of the EDF Group, one of the world’s largest low carbon electricity companies, and our investment and innovation is reducing costs for consumers and bringing significant benefits for communities. With our operating portfolio of 36 renewable energy sites including battery, onshore and offshore wind (together totalling 1 GW) we are providing much needed affordable, low carbon electricity. We have an expanding portfolio with almost 5 GW of projects in planning and development, including wind, battery and solar PV. Find out more at

About ESB

ESB operates across the electricity market on the island of Ireland: from generation, through transmission and distribution to the supply of customers with an expanding presence across Great Britain. In 2017 ESB opened an office in Glasgow to spearhead further development of renewables, in particular onshore and offshore wind, across Scotland. ESB is the owner of the distribution and transmission networks in the Republic of Ireland (via ESB Networks) and Northern Ireland (via Northern Ireland Electricity Networks Ltd). In 2017, the company had a 42% share of generation in the all-island market (via Generation and Wholesale Markets) and a 34% share of electricity supply in the all-island market (via Electric Ireland) with 1.4 million customer accounts.

About Seagreen

The 1,075MW 114-turbine development Seagreen project is located 27km off the coast of Angus. A £3bn joint venture between SSE Renewables and TotalEnergies, Seagreen will be Scotland’s single largest source of renewable energy, providing a significant contribution to Scotland’s net-zero ambition and enough clean, renewable energy to power 1.6 million homes.

About TotalEnergies TotalEnergies is a global multi-energy company that produces and markets energies: oil and biofuels, natural gas and green gases, renewables and electricity. Our 105,000 employees are committed to energy that is ever more affordable, cleaner, more reliable and accessible to as many people as possible. Active in more than 130 countries, TotalEnergies puts sustainable development in all its dimensions at the heart of its projects and operations to contribute to the well-being of people.

About SSE Renewables

SSE Renewables is the UK and Ireland’s clean energy champion with plans to expand in selected international markets to deliver the green energy the world needs. Its strategy is to lead the transition to a net zero future through the world-class development, construction and operation of renewable power assets and is building more offshore wind energy than any other company in the world. SSE Renewables is part of SSE plc, the UK-listed integrated energy group which is investing £12.5bn over the next five years, or £7m a day, to deliver a Net Zero Acceleration Programme to address climate change head on. This includes plans by SSE Renewables to double its installed renewable energy capacity to 8GW by 2026 and ambitious targets to treble capacity to over 13GW by 2031, increasing output fivefold to over 50TWh annually – enough to be able to power around 20 million homes each year.

About Berwick Bank Wind Farm

Berwick Bank Wind Farm is a 1313km² site being developed by SSE Renewables and located approximately 30kms from the coast in the Outer Firth of Forth. Berwick Bank is currently at an advanced stage of development, with the project development team anticipating that it can submit a planning application to Scottish Government in Spring 2022. If consented, Berwick Bank Wind Farm could generate up to 4.1GWs and commence generating clean electricity by 2026.


STRIX is a leading international environmental consultancy specialized in the renewable energy sector with recognized expertise by state regulators, financial institutions and NGOs in the development and implementation of tools and strategies to minimize and offset the impact of renewables and powerlines on biodiversity

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